Land and Development in China

Chengri Ding

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In the past a couple of decades perhaps there are no other countries like China in which land is so controversial and commands so much attention in policy arena.  Land plays important role in national policy agenda in ways that there is unprecedented in human history.  Land is not only used as a policy instrument to achieve social, economic and environmental development goals, but more importantly attached to many socioeconomic expectations that are root causes of or associated with many prominent issues and challenges.  So the questions arise: 1) what makes land distinctive? (2) what roles do land play in national policy; and (3) what are issues and challenges caused by or associated with land?  This essay will answer these questions in a concise way.